What is the basic step in bookkeeping?

Are you confused about what are the basic steps involved in bookkeeping, then don’t worry here we will get a better idea on it.

By understanding basic concepts of bookkeeping for beginners, you can understand some of the simple steps in it.

Recording the financial transactions of the business organization is the primary activity in bookkeeping. When maintaining the bookkeeping in the UK, you need to be well aware of the HMRC guidelines to deal with taxes and accounting activities.

To find a bookkeeper for the UK-based firms they have to be well-acquainted with the knowledge of HMRC and other guidelines in the UK. Whether you are new to bookkeeping or a business owner, you must know the basic steps in bookkeeping. Easy bookkeeping involves some of the basic aspects of bookkeeping.

What are the basic steps in bookkeeping?

To make the understanding better to bookkeeping for beginners, we provide here some basic steps in bookkeeping:

1. Set up a Chart of Accounts

Create a framework for categorizing and organizing financial transactions. This chart typically includes various accounts such as assets, liabilities, equity, revenue, and expenses.

2. Record Financial Transactions

Document all financial activities, including sales, purchases, expenses, payments, and receipts. Each transaction should be accurately recorded in the appropriate account.

3. Maintain Sales and Purchase Ledgers

Keep track of sales made to customers and purchases made from suppliers. This involves recording details such as invoice numbers, dates, amounts, and payment terms.

4. Reconcile Bank Statements

Proper reconciliation of the account statement to ensure that all entries are matching. This helps identify any discrepancies and ensures accurate financial reporting.

5. Prepare Trial Balance

Compile a list of all the accounts in the general ledger and their respective balances. The debit and credit balances should be equal, indicating that the books are in balance.

6. Prepare Financial Statements

Use the information from the trial balance to prepare financial statements, including the income statement (profit and loss statement), balance sheet, and cash flow statement. With these statements, it is easier to get insight about the financial position of the business.

7. Perform VAT Calculations

If your business is registered for Value Added Tax (VAT), calculate and record VAT on sales and purchases. Submit VAT returns to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) according to the required schedule.

8. Keep Supporting Documents

Maintain copies of invoices, receipts, bank statements, and other relevant financial documents. These serve as evidence for transactions and are necessary for auditing and record-keeping purposes.

9. Monitor and Analyze Financial Performance

Regularly review your financial statements and analyze key financial ratios to assess the financial health of your business. This can help to analyze the areas to make improvements and take correct decisions.

10. Comply with Legal and Tax Requirements

Ensure that your bookkeeping practices comply with relevant UK accounting standards, tax laws, and reporting requirements. This includes filing annual accounts with Companies House and submitting tax returns to HMRC.

These are some of the easy bookkeeping basic steps to follow. If you are not able to implement quality bookkeeping then you can outsource this task to the experts.

Meru Accounting provides outsourced bookkeeping services for business organizations. Here you can find a bookkeeper who has good experience working for many UK-based firms. Equipped with accounting software, they can do easy bookkeeping activities. Meru Accounting is a popular accounting service providing company around the world.

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