Simple Guide To Double Entry Accounting.

Double entry accounting is a bookkeeping system in which every financial transaction is recorded twice, once as a debit and once as a credit. This ensures that the total debits always equal the total credits, and that the accounting equation (Assets = Liabilities + Equity) is always in balance. 

Double entry bookkeeping is the standard accounting method used by businesses of all sizes, and it is required by law for public companies. It is also a valuable tool for small businesses and individuals to track their finances and make sound financial decisions.

How Double Entry Accounting Works?

Double entry accounting is based on the following three principles:

  1. Every financial transaction has at least two effects.
  2. The aggregate of debits must consistently match the sum of credits.
  3. The accounting equation must perpetually maintain equilibrium.

To record a financial transaction using double entry accounting, you must first identify the two accounts that are affected by the transaction. Then, you must decide whether the transaction is a debit or a credit to each account.

  • Debits and Credits

A debit is an increase to an asset account or a decrease to a liability or equity account. A credit is an increase to a liability or equity account or a decrease to an asset account. Here is a table that summarizes the effects of debits and credits on the different types of accounts:

Account TypeDebitCredit
AssetsIncreaseDecrease
LiabilitiesDecreaseIncrease
EquityDecreaseIncrease
  • The Journal Entry

Double entry bookkeeping and accounting relies heavily on journal entries. Each transaction is recorded in the journal with a date, a brief description, and the debit and credit amounts. These entries serve as the foundation for all subsequent financial records.

  • The Trial Balance

To ensure the accuracy of the books, accountants prepare a trial balance periodically. This report lists all accounts with their respective debit and credit balances. If the double entry bookkeeping system has been applied correctly, the total debits should equal the total credits, leading to a balanced trial balance.

  • Financial Statements

The magic of double entry accounting truly shines when it comes to generating financial statements. Using the data from the trial balance, companies can create key financial reports such as the income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement. These statements provide a clear picture of the organization’s profitability, financial position, and cash flow, helping stakeholders make informed decisions.

  • The Power of Analysis

One of the most significant advantages of double entry accounting is its ability to facilitate financial analysis. With accurate and comprehensive records, businesses can perform in-depth analysis to assess performance, and make strategic decisions. This method of bookkeeping is invaluable in planning for the future and ensuring the financial stability of a company.

Why choose Meru Accounting?

By outsourcing your double entry bookkeeping and accounting needs to Meru Accounting, you can free up your time and resources to focus on your business. You can also be confident that your financial records are accurate and reliable, and that you comply with all applicable laws and regulations. Our team of experienced accountants is knowledgeable about the latest accounting standards and practices, and can help you to ensure that your accounting system is compliant with all applicable laws and regulations.

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